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Adolf Waldinger

Adolf Waldinger - famous painter from Osijek, Croatia

Adolf 'Ignjo' Waldinger is the most famous painter of the 19th century Osijek. He was born in Osijek and received first artistic training in the same city. He was taught by Hugo Conrad von Hötzendorf in Osijek's Bürgerliche Zeichenschule drawing school from 1855 to 1861. From Hugo he learned to paint in pencil and watercolor (aquarelle) techniques.

Red Fiat - "Crveni Fićo"

Osijek Coat of ArmsWhat is "Red Fiat", or "Crveni Fićo", and what it has to do with Osijek?

First of all, "Fićo" (FEE-cho) is nickname for ultra-mini car "Zastava 750", made in Yugoslavia under license from Italian manufacturer FIAT. It was a copy of Fiat 600 and only 130 inches in length. It was mass produced from 1955 to 1985 and had sorts of cult status.

Free royal city

Between years 1687 and 1783 Osijek was the center of military headquarters for the whole of the Slavonia. Moreover, with the state reorganization in 1745 Osijek became center of Virovitica County. Again, favorable geographical location of the city facilitated further economic development, so the shops and crafts are the main characteristics of Osijek in 18th century. Economic strengthening was accompanied by the expansion of the city and increase in population, quality of education, culture, sports and health care.

Early Settlements and Roman Age

Mild climate, abundant water, diverse flora and fauna favorably impacted human communities as early as the Neolithic Age. Numerous archaeological finds of weapons and tools made of stone and bone, various forms of pottery and other objects found in the western part of Osijek in the oldest prehistoric settlement Starčevo culture (6th-5th millennium BC) testify to this. The first inhabitants in the region were farmers and breeders of domestic animals.

The Beginnings

For the most part, Osijek lies on the right bank of the river Drava. The left bank is scarcely populated, but it does have two smaller communities. The origins of Osijek are lost in the past. Between fertile lands of the Drava and Danube rivers roamed Celts and left their mark in the grand history of vast areas of Europe and beyond. Over the marshes and Pannonian forests, many people moved from north to south and vice versa. And we have the Romans. They made a settlement and called it Mursa.

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