Early Settlements and Roman Age

Mild climate, abundant water, diverse flora and fauna favorably impacted human communities as early as the Neolithic Age. Numerous archaeological finds of weapons and tools made of stone and bone, various forms of pottery and other objects found in the western part of Osijek in the oldest prehistoric settlement Starčevo culture (6th-5th millennium BC) testify to this. The first inhabitants in the region were farmers and breeders of domestic animals.

The Beginnings

For the most part, Osijek lies on the right bank of the river Drava. The left bank is scarcely populated, but it does have two smaller communities. The origins of Osijek are lost in the past. Between fertile lands of the Drava and Danube rivers roamed Celts and left their mark in the grand history of vast areas of Europe and beyond. Over the marshes and Pannonian forests, many people moved from north to south and vice versa. And we have the Romans. They made a settlement and called it Mursa.



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