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The Beginnings

For the most part, Osijek lies on the right bank of the river Drava. The left bank is scarcely populated, but it does have two smaller communities. The origins of Osijek are lost in the past. Between fertile lands of the Drava and Danube rivers roamed Celts and left their mark in the grand history of vast areas of Europe and beyond. Over the marshes and Pannonian forests, many people moved from north to south and vice versa. And we have the Romans. They made a settlement and called it Mursa. There was a good reason to make this place their command of navigational power, and later we called this place Osijek.

People in Osijek witnessed various events in the history. The Fortress (Tvrđa) testifies to the intersection of living large military garrisons, state civil, commercial and crafts stock. In parts of the city east, west and south of the Fortress (in the Lower, Upper and New Town) - testifies to the agriculture and the emergence of new economic sectors such as shipbuilding, wood processing, silk production, food production, leather processing and storage operations, further developing all that important financial, transport and other action.

Osijek had to experience the turbulent developments in the educational and cultural life. In the 18th century Osijek brings great developments in education, followed by literature, printing and theater life. Although the Osijek developed under the laws of turbulent industrial cities' economic life, it remained the city of lush greenery, lawns, shady parks, beautiful walks, especially on the banks of the river Drava. In the present day Osijek, there are characteristics that give it it's special profile: Baroque splendor of the Fortress, neoclassical panoramas of the Upper and Lower Town, the high achievements of Croatian Art Nouveau in the Upper Town, to the architecture characteristic of the sixties and seventies of the 20th century in all parts of the city